Flora and Fauna of Malaysia & Borneo

The Gingers of Kinabalu Park in Sabah


The center of diversity for the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, is the Indo-Malayan region with approximately 160 species occurring in Peninsular Malaysia. Borneo is still insufficiently known and under explored for gingers but may have more species than Peninsular Malaysia. One genus, Burbidgea, is not known to occur outside of Borneo. Geanthus was another genus found only in Borneo but now is included in the genus Etlingera.

One of the largest parks in Sabah, in Malaysian Borneo, is Kinabalu Park. It is about 75,370 hectares and has been partially surveyed for gingers. Over 30 species have been identified and are particularly abundant around Poring Hot Springs at 500 meters, although some species occur at altitudes up to 2000 meters. A number of species of epiphytic gingers can also be found in the Park.

Burbidgea schizocheila

Many of the ginger photos on were taken at Kinabalu Park in and around three areas, near the Park Headquarters, Poring Hot Springs, and Mesilau forest preserve.

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